This book provides a basic overview of general knowledges of this topic in order to provide the comprehensive survey from a scientific and technological perspective.
Apatite-type minerals and their synthetic analogues are of interest of many industrial branches and scientific disciplines including material sciences, chemical industry, agriculture, geology, medicine and dentistry.
The book is devoted to the structure and properties of minerals from the supergroup of apatite, experimental techniques of preparation and characterization of synthetic analogues of apatite minerals, substitution in the structure of apatite as well as utilization of these materials in wide range of common and special advanced applications in industry, material sciences and research.
Additionally, the phosphate rocks, their classification, geological role, mining and beneficiation of phosphate ore, production of elemental phosphorus, phosphoric acid and fertilizers are also described.
Although this book is meant for chemist, material scientist and research engineers, the individual chapters contain theoretical background, historical aspects as well as examples of synthetic and analytical methods which may be also interesting for students and non-expert readers as well.
1 Introduction to Apatites
2 Other Minerals from the Supergroup of Apatite
3 Identification, Characterization and Properties of Apatites
4 Synthetic Phase with the Structure of Apatite
5 Rare-earth Element-bearing Apatites and Oxyapatites
6 Substituents and Dopants in the Structure of Apatite
7 Phosphate Rocks
8 Mining and Beneficiation of Phosphate Ore
9 Utilization of Apatite Ores
10 Utilization of Compounds of Phosphorus